Bologna the Scholar, Bologna the Fat, Bologna the Red, Bologna the Turreted. The capital of Emilia Romagna does not have one face, it has at least four.
Scholar because the oldest university in the western world was born within its walls, the Alma Mater Studiorum. The date of its foundation was conventionally set in the year 1088.
Fat because, everyone knows, in Bologna you eat well (tortellini, ragù and mortadella have now entered the world culinary imagination)
Red for the color that the roofs and houses have given the city since medieval times, but also because it was administered for half a century by communist mayors.
Finally, Turreted, an ancient name that refers to when one hundred towers stood over the city. Two have become its symbol and to find the other twenty survivors, it is necessary to look carefully, perhaps by sticking one's head out of one of the arcades (38 km long) that embrace and intersect the entire historic center.